Revised: May 2015

Published Work

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Yahalom, N. & Schul, Y. (2016) Applying ease of retrieval in judgments: The role of contextual background. Social Cognition, 34, 217-237   Download

Schul, Y., & Peri, N. (2015) Influences of distrust (and trust) on decision making. Social Cognition, 33, 414-435   Download

Shidlovski, D., Schul, Y., & Mayo, R. (2014) If I imagine it, then it happened: The implicit truth value of imaginary representations. Cognition, 133, 517-529    Download

Mayo, R., Schul, Y., & Rosenthal, M. (2014) If you negate, you may forget: Negated repetitions impair memory compared to affirmative repetitions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1541-1552    Download

Schul, Y., & Mayo, R. (2014) Discounting information: When false information is preserved and when it is not. In D.N. Rapp & J.L.G. Braasch (Eds.). Processing inaccurate information: Theoretical and applied perspectives from cognitive science and the educational sciences., Cambridge, MA: MIT Press   Download

Eitam, B., Glicksohn, A., Shoval, R., Cohen, A., Schul, Y., & Hassin, R.R. (2013). Relevance-Based Selectivity: The Case of Implicit Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39,1508-1515    Download

Yahalom, N., & Schul, Y (2013) How thinking about the other affects our reliance on cognitive feelings of ease and effort: Immediate discounting and delayed utilization. Social Cognition, 31, 31-56.    Download

Milyavsky, M., Hassin, R.R., & Schul, Y. (2012) Guess what? Implicit motivation boosts the influence of subliminal information on choice. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1232-1241   Download

Schul, Y. (2011) Alive or not dead: Implications for framing from research on negations. In G. Keren (Ed.) Perspectives on Framing. New York: Psychology Press. (pp 157-176) Download

Izhaki-Costi, O., & Schul, Y. (2011) I don't know you and I am keeping it that way: Attachment avoidance and empathic accuracy in the perception of strangers. Personal Relationships, 18, , 321-340   Download

Kron, A., Schul, Y., Cohen, A., & Hassin, R.R. (2010) Feelings don't come easy: Studies on the effortful nature of feelings. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139 , 520-534. Download

Keren, G., & Schul, Y. (2009) Two is not always better than one: A critical evaluation of two-system theories. Perspectives on Psychological Science , 4, 533-550 Download

Eitam, B., Schul, Y., & Hassin, R.R. (2009) Goal-relevance and artificial grammar learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62, 228-238 . Download

Fraenkel, T., & Schul, Y. (2008) The meaning of negated adjectives. Intercultural Pragmatics, 5, 517-540 Download

Schul, Y., Mayo, R., & Burnstein, E. (2008) The value of distrust. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1293-1302. Download

Eitam,B., Hassin, R.R., & Schul, Y. (2008) Non-conscious goal pursuit in novel environments: The case of implicit learning. Psychological Science, 19, 261-267.   Download

Keren,G., van Rooij, I., & Schul, Y. (2007) One wrong does not justify another: Accepting dual processes by fallacy of false alternatives. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 269-270 ,   Download

Schul, Y., Mayo, R., Burnstein, E., & Yahalom, N. (2007) How people cope with uncertainty due to chance or deception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 91-103   Download

Schul, Y., Mayo, R., & Burnstein, E. (2004) Encoding under trust and distrust: The spontaneous activation of incongruent cognitions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 668-679   Download

Mayo, R., Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (2004) "I am not guilty" versus "I am innocent": Successful negation may depend on the schema used for its encoding. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 433-449 Download

Schul,Y. (2004) Coping with invalid messages by increasing or decreasing processing complexity.  In G. Haddock,& G.R.O. Maio (Eds.). Contemporary perspectives on the psychology of attitudes London: Psychology Press Download

Schul, Y., & Mayo, R. (2003) Searching for certainty in an uncertain world: The difficulty of giving up the experiential for the rational mode of thinking. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 16, 93-106

Vinokur, A., & Schul, Y. (2002) The web of coping resources and pathways to reemployment following a job loss. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 68-83 .

Yaniv, I., Schul, Y., Raphaelli-Hirsch, R., & Maoz, I. (2002) Inclusive and exclusive modes of thinking: Studies of prediction, preference, and social perception during parliamentary elections. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 352-367 .

Vinokur, A.D., Schul, Y., Vuori, J., & Price, R.H. (2000) Two years after a job loss: Long term impact of the jobs program on reemployment and mental health. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 32-47.

Schul, Y., & Vinokur, A.D. (2000) Projection in person perception among spouses as a function of the similarity in their shared experiences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 987-1001

Mazursky, D., & Schul, Y. (2000) In the aftermath of invalidation: Shaping judgment rules on learning that previous information was invalid. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 9, 213-222

Yaniv, I., & Schul, Y. (2000) Acceptance and elimination procedures in choice: Non-complementarity and the role of implied status quo. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82, 293-313 .

Schul, Y., & Zukier, H. (1999). Why do stereotypes stick? In R.S. Wistrich (Ed.) Demonizing the other: Antisemitism, racism, and xenophobia. Harwood Academic Publishers. (pp 31-43)

Schul, Y., & Mayo, R. (1999) Two sources are better than one: The effects of ignoring one message on using a different message from the same source. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 327-345.

Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (1998). Suspicion and discounting: Ignoring invalid information in an uncertain environment. In J.M. Golding & C. MacLeod (Eds.) Intentional forgetting: Interdisciplinary approaches. Erlbaum. (pp. 321-348).

Yaniv, I., & Schul, Y. (1997). Elimination and inclusion procedures in judgment under uncertainty. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 10, 211-220.

Schul, Y., & Goren, H. (1997). When strong evidence has less impact than weak evidence: Bias, adjustment, and instructions to ignore. Social Cognition, 15, 133-155 .

Vinokur, A.D., & Schul, Y. (1997). Mastery and inoculation against setback as active ingredients in the JOBS intervention for unemployed. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 867-877.

Schul, Y., & Yaniv, I. (1997). Inferring accuracy for judges and items: Choice of unit of analysis reverses the conclusions. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 10, 343-354.

Schul, Y., Burnstein, E., & Bardi, A. (1996). Dealing with deceptions that are difficult to detect: Encoding and judgment as a function of preparing to receive invalid information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32, 228-253.

Schul, Y., & Schiff, M. (1995). On the cost and benefits of ignorance: How performance satisfaction is affected by knowing the standard prior to performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 491-501.

Ganzach, Y., & Schul, Y. (1995). The influence of quantity of information and goal framing on decision. Acta Psychologica, 89, 23-36.

Schul, Y & Ganzach, Y. (1995). The effects of accessibility of standards and decision framing on product evaluations. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 4, 61-83.

Vinokur, A.D., Price, R.H., & Schul, Y. (1995). Impact of the JOBS intervention on unemployed workers varying in risk for depression. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 39-74 (Reprinted in T.A. Revenson et. al., (Eds.) A quarter century of community psychology: Readings from the American Journal of Community Psychology (2002) (pp. 477-511). New York, NY, US: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.)

Schul, Y. (1993). When warning succeeds: The effect of warning on success of ignoring invalid information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 29, 42-62.

Schul, Y., & Schiff, M. (1993). Measuring satisfaction with organizations: Predictions from information accessibility. Public Opinion Quarterly, 57, 536-551.

Mazursky, D., & Schul, Y. (1992). Learning from the ad or relying on related attitudes: The moderating role of involvement. Journal of Business Research, 25, 81-93.

Schul, Y. (1992). The effect of expectations on satisfaction when feedback about performance is not provided. Social Cognition, 10, 165-188.

Schul, Y., & Mazursky, D. (1990). Conditions facilitating successful discounting in consumer decision making: Type of discounting cue, message encoding, and kind of judgment. Journal of Consumer Research, 16, 442-451.

Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (1990). Judging the typicality of an instance: Should the category be accessed first? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 964-974.

Schul, Y. & Manzury F. (1990). The effect of type of encoding and strength of discounting appeal on the success of ignoring an invalid testimony. European Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 337-349.

Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (1988). On Greeks and horses: Impression formation with social and nonsocial objects. In T.K. Srull & R.S. Wyer (Eds.) Advances in social cognition, Volume I: A dual model of impression formation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. (pp 145-154).

Mazursky, D., & Schul, Y. (1988). The effects of advertisement encoding on the failure to discount information: Implications for the sleeper effect. Journal of Consumer Research, 15, 24-36.

Benbenishty, R., & Schul, Y. (1987). Client-therapist congruence of expectations over the course of therapy. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 26, 17-24.

Vinokur, A., Schul, Y., & Caplan, R.D. (1987). Determinants of perceived social support: Interpersonal transactions, personal outlook, and transient affective states. J ournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1137-1145.

Benbenishty, R., & Schul, Y. (1986). Discrepancies between therapists' role preferences and role expectations. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 719-727.

Schul, Y. (1986). The effect of the amount of information and its relevance on memory-based and stimulus-based judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 355-373.

Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (1985). When discounting fails: Conditions under which individuals use discredited information in making a judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 894-903 .

Schul, Y., & Benbenishty, R. (1985). Preferences, expectations, and behaviors in interpersonal interaction. European Journal of Social Psychology, 15, 345-352.

Schul, Y., & Burnstein, E. (1985). Using past judgment rather than trait information in impression formation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21, 421-439.

Schul, Y., Burnstein, E., & Martinez, J. (1983). The informational basis of social judgments: Under what conditions are inconsistent trait descriptions processed as easily as consistent ones? European Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 143-151.

Schul, Y. & Burnstein, E. (1983). The informational basis of social judgments: Memory for informative and uninformative arguments. J ournal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19, 422-433.

Schul, Y. (1983). Integration and abstraction in impression formation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 45-54 .

Burnstein, E., & Schul, Y. (1983). The informational basis of social judgments: Memory for integrated and non-integrated trait descriptions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19, 49-57 .

Burnstein, E., & Schul, Y. (1983). Group polarization. In H.H. Blumberg, P. Hare, V. Kent, & M. Davis (Eds.) Small groups and social interaction. (Vol. 2) John Wily & Sons Ltd. pp 57-64.

Burnstein, E., & Schul, Y. (1982). The informational basis of social judgments: Operations in forming an impression of another person. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 217-234.

Burnstein, E., & Schul, Y. (1982). The cognitive analysis of a persuasive argument. In J.P. Codol & J.P. Leyens (Eds.) Cognitive analysis of social behavior. The Hague: Martinues Nijhoff. pp 87-113.

Brickman, P., Folger, R., Goode, E., & Schul, Y. (1981). Micro and macro justice. In M.J. Lerner (Ed.) The justice motive in social behavior. New York: Plenum. pp 173-202.

Bargh, J., & Schul, Y. (1980). The cognitive benefits of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 593-604.